The End Times – 2 Peter 3:1-18

Read the Passage: 2 Peter 3:1-18

Knowledge (3:1–9)

Peter begins this chapter by referring to his first letter to the churches of Asia Minor, which we know as 1 Peter. That epistle, along with the current one, was written in order to “stir up your pure minds by way of reminder” (2 Pet. 3:1; cf. 1:13; 2 Tim. 1:6; Heb. 10:24). That which Peter wanted to remind his readers of was “the words which were spoken by the holy prophets” (2 Pet. 3:2). Recall that Peter had earlier mentioned the prophecies written by “holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit” (2 Pet. 1:21). Continue reading

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False Teachers – 2 Peter 2:1-22

Read the Passage: 2 Peter 2:1-22

False Teachers’ Presence (2:1–3)

In 2 Pet. 1:21 Peter had noted that in times past “holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.” In continuing his teaching, in 2 Pet. 2:1 the apostle notes that “there were also false prophets among the people, even as there will be false teachers among you” (cf. Acts 20:29–30). By way of overview of the false teachers’ methodology, Peter notes here that false teachers “secretly bring in destructive heresies” (2 Pet. 2:1a). Ultimately, however, false teaching is rooted in “denying the Lord” (2 Pet. 2:1b). Continue reading

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Authority of Scripture – 2 Peter 1:12–21

Read the Passage: 2 Peter 1:12-21

Death of Peter (1:12–15)

Peter begins this section with the phrase “For this reason” (2 Pet. 1:12). The reason that he is referencing is the sanctification of his readers (cf. 2 Pet. 1:10–11). In other words, the apostle is saying that because of his desire for his readers’ spiritual growth he wants to remind them of their duty to pursue Christ that they may be “established in the present truth” (2 Pet. 1:12). Note that the term “stir up” that appears in 2 Pet. 1:13 literally refers to waking up one’s mind to action. Continue reading

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Introduction to 2 Peter – 2 Peter 1:1–11

Read the Passage: 2 Peter 1:1-11

Authorship and Date – The book of 2 Peter is one of the general epistles and was written by the apostle Peter (cf. 2 Pet. 1:1), also known as Cephas and formerly as Simon, who was the leader of the apostles. He was the son of Jonas, a fisherman from Bethsaida (cf. Matt. 16:17), who was brought to Christ by his brother Andrew (cf. John 1:40–42). Peter was married and his wife apparently accompanied him on ministry excursions (cf. Mark 1:30; 1 Cor. 9:5). Continue reading

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Church Life – 1 Peter 5:1-14

Read the Passage: 1 Peter 5:1-14

Church Leaders (5:1–4)

In view of the persecution facing his readers, in this passage Peter gives directions regarding proper church leadership. Peter employs the term “elders” in this passage, which is used interchangeably in the New Testament with the words “pastor” (or shepherd) and “bishop” (or overseer) to describe church leadership (cf. John 21:16; Acts 20:17, 28; Eph. 4:11; 1 Pet. 5:2). Continue reading

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Suffering and Glory – 1 Peter 4:1-19

Read the Passage: 1 Peter 4:1-19

Pattern of Suffering (4:1–6)

In 1 Pet. 3:13–17 Peter taught his readers that righteous suffering (or undeserved suffering) is itself a blessing from God (cf. 1 Pet. 3:14). Peter notes that bearing such suffering properly is a testimony to “the hope that is in you” (1 Pet. 3:15). In 1 Pet. 4:1–6 Peter appeals to the example of Jesus’ suffering as a pattern for believers. Note that Peter had started to discuss Christ’s suffering at 1 Pet. 3:18, before digressing into a discussion of Jesus’ descent and ascent in 1 Pet. 3:19–22. Continue reading

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Righteous Suffering – 1 Peter 3:13-22

Read the Passage: 1 Peter 3:13-22

A Perspective (3:13–17)

In 1 Pet. 3:13–14 Peter begins to unfold to his readers a proper perspective on suffering. Keep in mind the fact that this was not an academic discussion for the apostle’s readers, as they were experiencing severe suffering at the hands of the authorities. Many of these believers had lost friends, family, and material possessions. In 1 Pet. 3:13 Peter asks the rhetorical question, “And who is he who will harm you if you become followers of what is good?” Continue reading

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Christian Marriage – 1 Peter 3:1-12

Read the Passage: 1 Peter 3:1-12

Guidelines for Wives (3:1–6)

Submission is a concept that is incorporated into the dynamics of every human relationship, including: the state/citizen relationship, the employer/employee relationship, the slave/master relationship, the pastor/layman relationship, the parent/child relationship, the husband/wife relationship, and the God/believer relationship. After discussing the state/citizen relationship and the slave/master relationship in 1 Pet. 2:13–25, Peter turns to the husband/wife relationship in 1 Pet. 3:1–7. Continue reading

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Christian Living – 1 Peter 2:11-25

Read the Passage: 1 Peter 2:11-25

Honorable Conduct (2:11–12)

In 1 Pet. 2:11–12 Peter writes of the glorification of God by the Gentiles that will happen in one of two ways. God will be glorified either (1) by their conversion on account of being convicted by believers’ example, or, more likely, (2) by their admission of guilt at their own judgment “in the day of visitation” (1 Pet. 2:12). Admittedly this is a difficult and sobering teaching, however we should be comforted by the idea that believers and unbelievers alike will eventually bow down and worship Jesus (cf. Phil. 2:9–11). Continue reading

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Believers’ Identity – 1 Peter 2:1-10

Read the Passage: 1 Peter 2:1-10

Word of God (2:1–3)

The fact that Peter begins chapter two with the word “therefore” indicates that what he is about to say rests upon his previous teaching. In light of the fact that believers are to have a redeemed mind that pursues holiness (cf. 1 Pet. 1:13–16), that Christ has redeemed believers with his blood (cf. 1 Pet. 1:17–21), and that believers have received faith from God via the eternal Word of God (cf. 1 Pet. 1:22–25), therefore, believers are to lay “aside all malice, all deceit, hypocrisy, envy and all evil speaking” (1 Pet. 2:1). Continue reading

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